In the late 1800s, a “scramble for africa” occurred the king leopold ii that you are referring to in this question was the king of belgium he reigned from 1865 until his death in 1909. At the beginning, king leopold gained ownership over congo mostly because of the disinterest of the major powers of europe leopold put stanley mission to further explore congo nevertheless, stanley's true mission was to establish belgian sovereignty along the river's south bank and create monopoly control over rubber and ivory trade. Historians generally agree that the scramble for africa, the rushed imperial conquest of the africa by the major powers of europe, began with king leopold ii of belgium after reading a report in early 1876 that the rich mineral resources of the congo basin (the modern-day republic of the congo. Leopold ii, french in full léopold-louis-philippe-marie-victor, dutch in full leopold lodewijk filips maria victor, (born april 9, 1835, brussels, belgium—died december 17, 1909, laeken), king of the belgians from 1865 to 1909.
King leopold's congo and the scramble for africa: a short history with documents (passages: key moments in history) [michael a rutz] on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers king leopold of belgium's exploits up the congo river in the 1880s were central to the european partitioning of the african continent the congo free state. The butcher of congo by baffour ankomah, new african, october 1999 only 90 years ago, the agents of king leopold ii of belgium massacred 10 million africans in the congo cutting off hands as we see in sierra leone today, was very much part of leopold's repertoire today, leopold's rubber terror has all been swept under the carpet.
Leopold ii (1835-1909) wanted his country to join the league of european empires, but the belgian state refused to finance its part in western europe’s expensive scramble for africa so they outsourced the task to leopold, who used personal diplomacy to convince the european powers to grant him control of a large portion of the congo basin.
Leopold ii: leopold ii, king of the belgians from 1865 to 1909 keen on establishing belgium as an imperial power, he led the first european efforts to develop the congo river basin, making possible the formation in 1885 of the congo free state, annexed in 1908 as the belgian congo and now the democratic. Adam hochschild, king leopold’s ghost (new york: mariner books, 1998) in king leopold’s ghost, author adam hochschild describes the horrific atrocities committed by king leopold ii of belgium in the congo free state during what is known as the scramble for africa hochschild’s goal in writing this book was to increase public awareness of the crimes committed by leopold and other colonial rulers. Eventually, growing scrutiny of leopold's regime led to a popular campaign movement, centered in the united kingdom and the united states, to force leopold to renounce his ownership of the congo in many cases, the campaigns based their information on reports from british and swedish missionaries working in the congo. The king leopold ii that you are referring to in this question was the king of belgium he reigned from 1865 until his death in 1909.
King leopold and the conquest of the congo the story of the scramble for territory in africa is full of powerful european countries making game changing moves to outplay and outlast their rivals an unremarkable monarch of an insignificant little kingdom, however, outwitted them all. Leopold ii (9 april 1835 – 17 december 1909) reigned as the second king of the belgians from 1865 to 1909 and became known for the founding and exploitation of the congo free state as a private venture. Of the europeans who scrambled for control of africa at the end of the 19th century, belgium's king leopold ii left arguably the largest and most horrid legacy of all.